In the name of GOD, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Fasting during the month of Ramadan (also spelled Ramadhan, Ramzan, Ramadhaan), is one of the five pillars of Submission (Islam in Arabic). In the month of Ramadan, submitters (muslims / moslems) fast from dawn to sunset (if able). While fasting (seyam / saum / sawm) during Ramadan, the individual refrains from eating and drinking and practices continence. It is a time of worship and contemplation and to fulfill God's commands and grow one's soul. A time to strengthen family and community ties, and be on our best behaviour.
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. God revealed the Quran to the prophet Muhammad, on the twenty-seventh night of Ramadan (this night is also referred to as the Layl at-ul Qadr, or the Night of Destiny), 13 B.H. (before Hijrah). This corresponds to 610 AD.
[Quran 2:185] Ramadan is the month during
which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings,
and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein.
[Quran 97:1-5] We revealed it in the Night of Destiny. How awesome is the Night of Destiny! The Night of Destiny is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend therein, by their Lord's leave, to carry out every command. Peaceful it is until the advent of the dawn.
Ramadan begins on June 17, 2015 and ends on July 15, 2015 God willing for western parts of North America (USA, Canada, Mexico).
Ramadan begins on June 17, 2015 and ends on July 16, 2015 God willing for eastern parts of North America (USA, Canada, Mexico), Latin America, Europe, Middle East, Africa.
To calculate the Ramadan start date - compare the time of the New Moon with the Sunset in your location. If the new moon is born before sunset, you should fast the next day God willing. Similarly to determine the last day of Ramadan fasting - compare the time of the next New Moon with the sunset in your location. If the new moon is born before sunset, the month of Ramadan is complete on that day.
For some other countries, e.g., Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, the first day of fasting is June 18, 2015. The last day is July 16, 2015.
To find out the start day for your location, and generate a fasting begin/end schedule, please visit the Ramadan Calculation Assistant (courtesy MasjidTucson.org).
Phases of the moon data (including the new moon) for 2015 (and beyond) are available at the US Naval Observatory. All times are in UTC (also known as GMT). To convert to your time zone you can use the Time Zone Converter.
The time to begin fasts in Ramadan is the same as the beginning of the dawn (fajr) prayer. Similarly, the time we can break our Ramadan fast is the same as that of the sunset (maghreb) prayer. If you do not have a prayer time chart with you, you can calculate the times for your location at the following site: MasjidTucson.org's Fasting & Salat time calculator. Please always verify the times any software gives you by a simple check in the local newspaper for sunrise and sunset (since some software have incorrect data for the local time zone or daylight-savings timings). May you have a blessed Ramadan!
We acknowledge the contribution of the following sites who have provided us assistance for our Ramadan site. While we do not take responsibility for their content, we recommend them as good sources for learning about Islam as well as Ramadan. Please email Ramadan-and-Islam.org to let us know. The sites are listed alphabetically.
Ramadan-and-Islam.org has been designed keeping in mind that most readers in North America are not familiar with Arabic terms. Wherever possible Ramadan-and-Islam.org has tried to provide English equivalents to Arabic words. If the word is spelled multiple ways, Ramadan-and-Islam.org tries to include different spellings, so the reader gains familiarity with the Arabic terms. Ramadan-and-Islam.org has also tried to follow Web Content Accessibility guidelines for this site.
Happiness is Submission to God
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